'By using Backyard Worlds: Planet 9, the public can help us discover more of these odd rogue worlds'. And so, astronomers decided they would bring in a little help: You. Using the combined power of the world's citizen scientists the people-powered platform hopes to enable research that would not normally be possible or practical. "There are too many images for us to search through by ourselves", NASA said.
Backyard Worlds: Planet 9 is a collaboration between NASA, UC Berkeley, the American Museum of Natural History in New York, Arizona State University, the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, and Zooniverse, a collaboration of scientists, software developers and educators who collectively develop and manage citizen science projects on the internet.
Scientists have long believed there to be a ninth planet in our solar system, due to some theories that involve science and numbers and gravitational pulls.
'Because there's so little sunlight, even large objects in that region barely shine in visible light. WISE detects infrared light, the kind of light emitted by objects at room temperature, like planets and brown dwarfs. It's a 21st-century version of the technique astronomer Clyde Tombaugh used to find Pluto in 1930, a discovery made 87 years ago this week.
According to Brown and Batygin's calculations, Planet Nine would be as big as Neptune and 10 times bigger than Earth, but its distance would be up to a thousand times farther from the sun.
Video courtesy of the American Museum of Natural History.
Scientists are still discussing the fact that there is planet 9, however could not prove it.
"Brown dwarfs are somewhat mysterious", said Schneider.
Backyard Worlds: Planet 9 relies on human eyes because we easily recognize the important moving objects while ignoring the artifacts.
WISE images have already turned up hundreds of previously unknown brown dwarfs, including the sun's third- and fourth-closest known neighbors. But, WISE images can help scientists detect even the faintest stars. Participants will share credit for their discoveries in any scientific publications that results from the project.
WISE, which stands for Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, was launched in late 2009 and has mapped the entire sky several times during the past seven years.
To search for undiscovered worlds, visit the Backyard Worlds: Planet 9 website.
The "Backyard Worlds" website offers up millions of mini-movies that incorporate infrared imagery from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE. "On the other hand, WISE data is a proven source of new ultra cool brown dwarfs, sometimes called rogue planets". If Planet 9 - also known as Planet X - is there and is as bright as some predictions, it could show up in the WISE movies taken in 2010 and 2011. "But an identical object could also be floating freely in space, unattached to any star, and we'd call it a brown dwarf". The space agency believes releasing the images to the public will help narrow down the search for Planet Nine. "By using Backyard Worlds: Planet 9, the public can help us discover more of these odd rogue worlds".