The test triggered a new USA -backed push for a fresh round of United Nations sanctions against the North.
He told a news conference Friday that if the Trump administration wants peace on the Korean Peninsula it should replace the Armistice Agreement that ended the 1950-53 Korean War with a peace accord and stop its anti-North Korea policy.
Talks continue to gather pace amid fears Kim Jong-un will carry out a sixth nuclear tests imminently.
"What is more serious is that the United States cried out for the "sanction resolutions" which have lost its legitimacy of legality and impartiality, and intimidates the global community", he said. However, he stressed the need for a peaceful resolution by working through the United Nations with countries including China, the North's traditional ally and benefactor.
Though the vessels were spotted near Indonesia at the time, they eventually did end up at the Korean Peninsula for trilateral military exercises with Japan and South Korea, and were later joined by the USS Michigan, a nuclear-powered submarine armed with Tomahawk missiles.
A turn towards diplomacy would be a drastic change for the USA, which has engaged in saber rattling with North Korea over the last few months.
The missile's re-entry was controlled and the vehicle successfully re-entered the atmosphere without burning up.
Last month USA president Donald Trump warned a "major, major conflict" with North Korea was possible as he revealed he would be willing to meet with Kim Jong-un.
The U.N. Security Council first imposed sanctions on North Korea in 2006 and has strengthened the measures in response to the country's five nuclear tests and two long-range rocket launches.
Before an emergency meeting of the council Tuesday, U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley declared: "You either support North Korea or you don't, but you have to choose".
While in the US, Hong also met with National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster to discuss the US's deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system (THAAD) in South Korea and to review recent developments in the North's missile and nuclear program.
If the United States "persists in anti-DPRK sanctions without understanding its rival, the (Trump) administration will have to take full responsibility for the ensuing catastrophic consequences", he warned.
"This is linked to the DPRK, it is ridiculous", he said.