Yisrael Kristal, an Auschwitz survivor who was born in Poland, died after becoming ill on Thursday, his daughter said, the BBC reported.
Kristal's more-than-a-century of life were marked by tragedy.
News site Ynet said he was survived by two children, 9 grandchildren and 32 great-grandchildren.
The jew, keeping was born on 15 September 1903 in Zarnow, Poland current, three months before the Wright brothers make the first flight with an airplane motor.
The World Jewish Congress noted his passing in a brief Twitter statement.
"My father is religious and has prayed every morning for 100 years, but he has never had his Bar Mitzvah", his daughter Shula Koperstoch told AFP last year.
Kristal claimed his title as the oldest living man at the age of 112 years and 178 days last year, and was given a certificate at his home.
Kristal was certified by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's oldest man a year ago, when he was 113.
Kristal was working for his uncle's confectionary business when the Nazis invaded Poland in 1939, marking the beginning of World War II. He turned 13 in 1916, but - although he was frum then and has remained frum his entire life - with World War I raging, there were no facilities or opportunities for Kristal to have a Bar Mitzvah celebration. "I believe that everything is determined from above and we shall never know the reasons why".
After the war, Kristal moved to Israel with his second wife, Batsheva, with whom he had a further two children.