This amounts to an explicit recognition that the Philippines is toeing China's line as ASEAN's chair.
Mabini (Johnson) Reef part of the disputed islands China has built up in the South China Sea.
"China has been unswervingly determined to safeguard its territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests and uphold peace and stability in the South China Sea".
Conditions set by the United States forced the Philippines to turn to China and Russian Federation for arms supplies, the Southeast Asian nation's defense minister has said.
The CSIS report said 64 per cent of China's maritime trade passed through the sea, compared to 14 per cent of United States maritime trade.
Such delaying tactics, without resorting to major armed conflict, also prevent the escalation of tension in the South China Sea. The nuclear threats of North Korea against the USA, which attract major global attention on the other hand, represent part of China's indirect response route via "hard politics".
Zhang from Lingnan University said there could be more pressure applied by other rivals such as the US, Australia and Japan, which have previously voiced opposition to land reclamation and militarisation in the disputed waters, upsetting Beijing.
From August 2-8, 2017, ASEAN leaders and their dialogue partners, including China and the United States, held a series of key security meetings in the Philippines.
The US military has a long-standing position that its operations are carried out throughout the world, including in areas claimed by allies, and they are separate from political considerations.
"They called and said 'Please turn around, you are in our waters, '" he said. US officials say the military will continue to sail, fly and operate wherever permitted by global law.
On Friday, China's Foreign Ministry spokesman said "some foreign forces move against the tide, and continue to make trouble under "freedom of navigation".
The ASEAN nations, in their final joint communiqué, agreed to go along with China's call for non-confrontational settlement of disputes in the South China Sea.
Vietnam representatives challenged Philippines and urged the ASEAN community to rally behind Vietnam to contest the expansion of China's infrastructure and the outposts on the disputed islands in the South China Sea. It's true in the South China Sea.
AFP comments that in recent years Beijing has managed to weaken regional resistance to its South China Sea claims by courting some ASEAN members. "Outsiders are only out to stir trouble, and ASEAN and China should unite to stop this", Wang said during a two-day visit to the Philippines in late July, when he was warmly welcomed by Duterte and Cayetano.