The bill passed 235-193, with 18 Republicans voting against it and 14 Democrats voting for it. Republicans have said they prefer to deal with DACA separately.
Pelosi also told reporters Thursday that lawmakers "will not leave here" without a deal to help immigrants who came to the US illegally as children and are enrolled in the Deferred Action Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which Trump ended three months ago.
WASHINGTON - The House on Thursday approved a two-week spending measure to keep the government funded past the Friday deadline and through December 22. GOP leaders have historically needed bipartisan support to pass spending bills through the House.
But Meadows warned that GOP leaders would face backlash from Republicans if they agree to Democrats' demands on immigration in the spending bill.
Ahead of Thursday's vote, House Minority Leader Nancy PelosiNancy Patricia D'Alesandro PelosiMcConnell names Senate GOP tax conferees Abortion-rights group endorses Nadler in race to replace Conyers on Judiciary Trump rips Dems a day ahead of key White House meeting MORE (D-Calif.) made clear that Democrats wouldn't support the two-week stopgap.
Democratic Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also say they hope to come to an agreement.
"This is a waste of time", Pelosi said.
The Senate is expected to pass the bill, as Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer said on Thursday morning that they are making progress on budget talks. "I think it's just kind of just basic governing, is keeping government going while we negotiate the final details".
Jordan and a handful of his fellow Freedom Caucus colleagues gave Republican leadership a scare Monday night when they threatened to vote against sending tax reform legislation to a conference committee.
The short-term legislation is created to give bargainers more time to address remaining disputes over spending levels and other issues that have been folded into the year-end mix, including immigration and health care.
Despite having to push back the timing of the bill, House Speaker Paul Ryan told reporters he was optimistic they'd have enough votes to get legislation through the House.
Earlier on Thursday, Schumer said Trump seemed to be rooting for a shutdown and if one occurs, "it will fall on his shoulders". It's not been received well, especially since the House GOP has passed spending bills that have gone unnoticed by the Senate.
The group is convening to continue negotiations on critical end-of-year spending legislation, with Democrats and Republicans deeply divided on defence and immigration priorities.
"Until we get those assurances, we are just kicking a can down the road", said Republican Representative Andy Biggs, a member of the Freedom Caucus. "So they're not showing up for the meeting", Trump told reporters last week.
The two Democrats said in a statement that nothing specific had been agreed at the meeting, which included a briefing from Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis about military issues.
In order to raise spending levels for the military and domestic programs for a longer-term spending deal, both chambers have to reach an agreement to lift spending limits set by a 2011 law.