The painting, one of fewer than 20 surviving by the Renaissance Master, sold for $450m at Christie's in NY on 15 November.
The revelation of Times published this Wednesday is known on same day that it was announced that painting will be exhibited in Louvre of Abu Dhabi. It is the mysterious prince's first high-profile art purchase.
An employee poses with Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi" on display at Christie's auction rooms in London.
The Louvre Abu Dhabi opened earlier this month in the United Arab Emirates having cost £1bn to build in a 10-year project. French President Emmanuel Macron, who described the new museum as a "bridge between civilisations." attended and officiated at the event.
He had bought the painting in 2013 for $127.5 million although he later accused a Swiss art dealer of overcharging him.
The Louvre has not disclosed whether it will receive the painting as a gift, a loan or a rental.
The 500-year-old Salvator Mundi, a portrait of Jesus Christ that was regarded as the only Da Vinci painting in private hands, was sold by Christie's on November 15 in NY for $US450.3 million, the most ever paid at auction for an artwork.
He is a board member of Energy Holdings International, an energy company with business in Middle East, Asia and Americas.
Salvator Mundi was owned by King Charles I of England in the mid-1600s and was auctioned by the son of the Duke of Buckingham in 1763.
It then disappeared from view until 1900, when it resurfaced and was acquired by a British collector. In the dispersal of the Cook Collection, it was ultimately consigned to a sale at Sotheby's in 1958 where it sold for £45.
The ethereal portrait invites comparisons to Da Vinci's most famous work, Mona Lisa.
A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the mystery buyer of the $450.3million Leonardo da Vinici painting of Christ that is now heading to the Louvre Abu Dhabi in a coup for the bold new museum. Despite selling the "Salvator Mundi" painting for a world record price, Rybolovlev has not withdrawn his lawsuit against Swiss art dealer Yves Bouvier.
The painting is called "Salvator Mundi" which is Latin for "savior of the world". The painting caused a worldwide media sensation, not always for the right reasons.
They restored the painting extensively and documented its authenticity as a work by Da Vinci.