The European Union has also looked to impose fresh sanctions on Syria including blacklisting more people over the development and use of chemical arms.
Russia's defense ministry said the United States and its allies had hit military targets and not just research facilities, Interfax news agency reported.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov denied that Moscow had interfered with any evidence.
Diplomats spent most of Saturday morning debating the recent strikes, which US, United Kingdom and French leaders all said were in response to President Bashar al-Assad's alleged use of chemical weapons against his own people.
The Russian government continues to reject claims by the West that the Syrian government conducted chemical weapons attacks in Douma and in Khan Sheikhoun a year ago.
Haley spoke directly after Russian Ambassador to the UN Vassily Nebenzia, who charged that the Saturday attack on Douma, the last rebel-held town in Syria, was faked by foreign intelligence services. Syria's civil war, which began as a popular uprising against Assad, is now in its eighth year.
Russian Defense Ministry spokesman, Maj.
"It was palpable, the fear", said Vladimir Frolov, an independent foreign-policy analyst in Moscow. The United States claimed to have met its obligations, while Russian Federation said it could not confirm.
"The mission of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has set off to Syria not so quickly and without abundant enthusiasm but under our and Syrian pressure". The government, however, said evacuations from Douma were ongoing and no Syrian government forces had entered the town.
A suspected poison gas attack in the suburbs of the Syrian capital, which killed more than 40 people, has drawn worldwide outrage and prompted the United States and its allies to consider a military strike on Syria.
Medical aid groups and the White Helmets rescue organisation have said such statements - already aired on state television in recent days - were made under duress.
The 28 ministers endorsed the missile strikes and considered steps to deepen Assad's isolation.
The US' keenness to strike stemmed from its charge that the Syrian government had attacked a rebel-held enclave within the country with chemical weapons, killing about 50 people, and the West says it draws the line at chemical weapons, whose use is banned in worldwide law.
Sheikh Naim Qassem, deputy leader of the Iranian-backed Hezbollah movement, told Lebanese daily al-Joumhouria: "The conditions do not point to a total war happening. unless Trump and (Israeli leader Benjamin) Netanyahu completely lose their minds". -Russian ties in a one-on-one summit with President Trump.
Earlier this week, a United States attack on Syria looked imminent as Trump warned Russian Federation to "get ready" for missiles, but then on Thursday he appeared to back away, tweeting that an American attack could come "very soon or not so soon at all".