WHO aims to eliminate the use of trans fats world wide by 2023 and released REPLACE, a step-by-step guide for the elimination of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from the global food supply. The determination from the FDA said that removing the trans fats "could prevent thousands of heart attacks and deaths each year".
The United States Food and Drug Administration set a three-year compliance period in July of 2015 that said companies either had to make their products without partially hydrogenated oils or petition to be allowed to use them.
Willett, who was an early voice in the fight against trans fats, further explains that the low cost of a full transition to much healthier fats when taken into account the vast payoff of the move should make the idea a no-brainer. The WHO announced a new plan to phase out trans fats from the food supply. It's done primarily to extend the shelf-life of processed foods such as snacks and baked goods.
Several high-income countries have virtually eliminated industrially-produced trans fats through legally imposed limits on the amount that can be contained in packaged food.
In some places, partially hydrogenated oils have already been banned, cutting off one of the main sources of commercially produced trans fats from their food supply, according to the World Health Organization via Reuters. They insist that healthier alternatives can be used that would not affect taste or cost of food and would represent a major victory in the global fight against heart disease. "While we can not estimate a percentage of products on store shelves that will be free of PHOs on June 19, 2018, we are confident that over the past three years, manufacturers have taken appropriate steps to reformulate products if and as necessary", an FDA spokesperson told Newsweek.
Vox: The new global plan to eliminate the most harmful fat in food, explained (Belluz/Collins, 5/14).
REPLACE urges countries to assess and monitor trans fats consumption, establish laws to stamp out trans fats and raises awareness of their risk.
The six-step guide, called REPLACE, comes after World Health Organization opened a consultation until 1 June to review draft guidelines on intake of trans-fats and saturated fats for adults and children.
There are also naturally occurring trans fats in some meats and dairy products.
Partially hydrogenated oils were first introduced into the food supply in the early 20th century as a replacement for butter and became more popular in the 1950s through the 1970s with the discovery of the negative health impacts of saturated fatty acids. Diets high in trans fats increase heart disease risk by 21% and deaths by 28%.