As per World Health Organization, the fatality rate for Nipah virus has been estimated between 40 per cent and 75 per cent, but can vary depending on local capabilities for epidemiological surveillance and clinical management. Sixteen African green monkeys (AGMs) were injected a lethal dose of the virus and 12 of them were given m102.4 either 1,3 or 5 days after exposure and again after two days. And scientists say that the Nipah virus has two strains - Malaysia (NiVM) and Bangladesh (NiVB). During the Nipah virus outbreak in 1998, 265 patients were infected with the virus and 40% died.
The retrovirus originally belongs to the genus Henipavirus and tends to infect both human and animals. No virus has been detected in their latest blood reports and they would only be discharged when it is confirmed that there is no sign of the virus in their body. Subsequent outbreaks in India and Bangladesh have occurred with high fatality rate.
The fluid samples of a jawan, who died here days after returning from his hometown in Kerala, has tested "negative" for Nipah virus infection, a defence official said today.
Rajeev Sadanandan, Additional Chief Secretary, Health and Family Welfare, Government of Kerala, told TNM, "Results from Manipal Centre for Virus Research have come and it has confirmed that Roja did not have Nipah virus infection".
Thiruvananthapuram: Sri Kadakampally Surendran, Minister for Tourism, Cooperation and Devaswoms, has welcomed Indian Medical Association (IMA) president Dr Ravi Wankadekar's statement that Kerala has nothing to worry about the Nipah virus scare and that the state is absolutely safe from the virus. As Nipah virus encephalitis can be transmitted from person to person, standard infection control practices and proper barrier nursing techniques are important in preventing hospital acquired infections.There are no vaccines available at present.
Officials of the Meghalaya government have taken serious note of the matter and believe that the news was being spread to create a sense of panic among the general public.
According to PTI, the number of samples tested for Nipah virus is 196, of which 178 have tested negative. A common example is consumption of raw date palm sap contaminated with infectious bat excretions.
"Almost 2,000 people have been reported to have come in contact with the affected and, therefore, this figure might go up".
It can also spread through close contact with infected pigs or infected patients.