Though previous analyses of these studies have been done, these researchers were able to more accurately account for population-level consumption by adjusting for consumption by tourists, and for unrecorded population-level consumption, to better estimate drinking levels and risk.
Among men, drinking alcohol in 2016 was most widespread in Denmark (97 per cent), along with Norway, Argentina, Germany, and Poland (94 per cent).
How risky is moderate drinking?
There is certainly a risk of drinking alcohol for nearly every health issue. The study defines a standard alcoholic drink as one that contains 10 grams of "pure ethyl alcohol".
For people who had two alcoholic drinks a day, 63 more developed a condition within a year and for those who consumed five drinks every day, there was an increase of 338 people, who developed a health problem.
"We also found a positive association between higher cumulative lifetime alcohol intake and high-grade prostate cancer diagnosis", the team wrote in their report, published in Cancer Prevention Research.
Researchers at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation based their analysis on almost 700 studies on drinking and 600 studies on alcohol and health.
No amount of moderation could minimize the health risks alcohol causes, the researchers concluded.
That may all change thanks to new research.
She explained: "This study goes further than others by considering a number of factors including alcohol sales, self-reported data on the amount of alcohol drunk, abstinence, tourism data and the levels of illicit trade and home brewing".
Those who had two drinks per day had a 7 percent higher risk for death than non-drinkers.
The study analysed data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2016 for 195 countries and territories.
The study shows that in 2016, almost three million deaths globally were attributed to alcohol use, including 12 per cent of deaths in males between the ages of 15 and 49. "Our results show that the safest level of drinking is none", it claims.
By the way, the last thing they drink in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt and Morocco.
Yet Prof David Spiegelhalter, Winton Professor for the Public Understanding of Risk at the University of Cambridge, sounded a note of caution about the findings.
The study, which received funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, also analyzed whether moderate levels of drinking could have health benefits-which previous studies have indicated.
How many units of alcohol are in each drink?
"Come to think of it, there is no safe level of living, but nobody would recommend abstention".