Addressing several hundred air force personnel after reviewing some of America's most high-tech fighters jets and bombers, Trump warned that Pyongyang had "once again shown its utter contempt for its neighbors and for the entire world community".
Also on the agenda: the Iran nuclear deal, Mideast peace, and United Nations reform efforts.
The increasing levels of sanctions will cut off 90 percent of North Korea's trade.
As president-elect, he called the United Nations.
Nebenzia urged North Korea to "stop it" and said the only political proposal to resolve the standoff was the joint Russian-Chinese "freeze for freeze". "There's no military solution here, they got us".
How has North Korea responded in the five weeks since President Donald Trump threated Pyongyang with "fire and fury?" Now, however, with North Korea perilously close to being able to directly threaten USA cities with nuclear obliteration, the worry for some is that Pyongyang could blackmail Washington into qualifying or limiting its support for its allies in the region.
Warnings about the missile blared around 7 a.m. local time in the northern Japanese town of Kamaishi, according to footage from national broadcaster NHK.
The use of the term is a declaration that the USA reserves the right to go it's own way, unhindered by worldwide accords, and signals a break with Obama's emphasis on multilateral approach to global relations.
"The South Korean government said they fired a missile within minutes afterwards, from their coastline".
"President Moon ordered [the military] to closely analyze and increase the readiness posture against new types of threats from North Korea, such as EMP [electromagnetic pulse] and biochemical threats", presidential spokesman Park Su-hyun said. "We must make North Korea understand this", Abe said. That missile flew more than 2,700 kilometers at a maximum altitude of about 550 kilometers. The North Koreans must have been confident that their latest test - an audacious advance by some 1,000km on their earlier (29 August) overflight of Japan - would be successful and that the risk of the missile breaking up over Japanese airspace was minimal.
Ultimately, the U.S. needs to not only deter North Korea, but also to reassure Japan and South Korea that they will neither be abandoned by their ally nor entrapped in a wider conflict precipitated by America's own independent strategic decisions. Dictator Kim Jong-un has repeatedly threatened to attack both Guam and Japan with missiles, possibly using nuclear warheads. "China and Russian Federation must indicate their intolerance for these reckless missile launches by taking direct actions of their own", Tillerson said.
The ambassador said she has "no problem kicking it to Gen. Mattis", the U.S. Defense Secretary, because "I think he has plenty of options".
The emergency meeting of Security Council was convened at the request of Japan and the US. A trio of missile launches and a hydrogen bomb test that is the communist nation's most powerful to date.
The latest missile test raises therefore important questions about the credibility of USA extended deterrence and the protective strategic umbrella that America provides to Japan and South Korea.
The Trump administration has called the development of a North Korean ICBM an unacceptable existential threat. The President must refrain from Twitter tantrums such as accusing President Moon of "appeasement" or engaging in rhetorical strategic or economic brinkmanship, either towards Pyongyang or Beijing, that looks increasingly hollow and unconvincing.
"For those who have been commenting about the lack of a military option, there is a military option", he said.