Open Doors is published by the Institute of International Education (IIE), which has conducted an annual statistical survey on international students in the United States since its founding in 1919 and in partnership with the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs since 1972.
Putting the numbers into context - where are the declines happening?.
The White House's proposed travel bans and separate reports of violence against immigrants had fueled fears of a sharp decline in students coming from overseas. "It is in our national interest to build and grow the worldwide relationships and networks that are key to addressing the global challenges and opportunities we face going forward", she said.
The survey offers only a preview of this year's trends and was released alongside the institute's annual "Open Doors" report, which tracks global students at 3,000 USA schools but lags a year behind.
The report prepared by the Institute of International Education, a non-profit, and the US Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, also revealed that the number of Indian students coming to the US has doubled over the last decade and now India is the second leading place of students, comprising 17.3 per cent of the total international students in the US.
That downturn took place before the presidential election and can be blamed on factors including the rising cost of tuition in the USA, growing competition from schools in other countries, and political factors outside the United States, the institute's leaders said.
The number of Indian students studying in the U.S. has doubled in the last 10 years, with the growth rate running in double digits for the fourth year running, the United States embassy said on Monday.
IIE president and CEO Allan E Goodman said that countries and multinational employers around the world are competing to attract top talents. "You can't count on that steady stream any longer".
"Institutions reported they are continuing to prioritise global student outreach and recruitment in Asia, particularly China (67 per cent), Vietnam (51 per cent), and India (48 per cent)", the report said. Their numbers have continued to grow, but at a much slower rate than in previous years.
The number of Indian students studying in U.S. institutions has gone up by 12.3 per cent - to 1.86 lakh in the academic year 2016-17 from 1.65 lakh in 2015-16, according to a global report. Iran, the only nation in President Donald Trump's travel ban with heavy numbers of students in the USA, sent 12,600 students here a year ago, an increase of about 3 per cent.
The top host states were California, New York, Texas, Massachusetts, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Florida, Ohio, Michigan, and Indiana. "As more countries become active hosts of worldwide students and implement national strategies to attract them, the competition for top global talent in higher education and the workforce will only intensify".