The United States and many countries around the world now abide by the International Code on Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, a health policy framework for promoting breastfeeding adopted in 1981. The resolution ended up passing, though the USA did succeed in getting the language altered slightly. Ecuador had planned to introduce a resolution which encouraged breastfeeding - but they suddenly backed out, because the U.S. reportedly said it would impose damaging trade restrictions and cut military aid if it went through with the measure.
Despite all that data, the US has consistently lagged behind most high-income countries on both breastfeeding rates (only about half of American women are still breastfeeding at six months, as is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics) and the policies that help increase them, like paid maternity leave.
The Infant Nutrition Council of America is an association of manufacturers of infant formulas, follow-up formulas or growing up milks; members are Abbott Nutrition, Gerber Products Company, Perrigo Nutritionals and Reckitt Benckiser. One section called on governments to "protect, promote and support breastfeeding", which they wanted taking out.
Mothers breastfeeding their children.
The U.S. delegation attempted, unsuccessfully, to derail a resolution on the topic of breastfeeding at the World Health Organization's annual meeting in May, The New York Times reported over the weekend. "Infant formula is the only safe, nutritious feeding option for babies who can not or do not receive breast milk". Infant formula is the most highly regulated food and the only recommended nourishment if breast milk is not available. And the rate of women who said they continued breastfeeding at six months, consistent with recommendations from the World Health Organization, rose from 42 percent to 52 percent by 2016. "These women should have the choice and access to alternatives for the health of their babies, and not be stigmatized for the ways in which they are able to do so", a spokesman told The Times.
The resolution was eventually passed when Russian Federation sponsored another version that largely resisted US demands. Utah reported the highest breastfeeding rate - 94 percent - while just over half of MS mothers said they had tried to breastfeed their children.
So the administration is trying to end maternity coverage, birth control access, reproductive rights., and now breastfeeding?
For a recent paper, University of California, Berkeley, economist and public-health expert Paul Gertler. and a team of colleagues looked at infant mortality rates in low- and middle-income countries, comparing regions that had access to infant formula to regions that didn't.
The administration also denied that USA officials had threatened trade sanctions in the debate over the breastfeeding resolution.
The US directed its ire at Ecuador when the South American nation agreed to introduce the resolution.
President Trump disputed a New York Times report, saying that the U.S.